Factories â¦ target_type: 'mix' mode: 'thumbnails-rr', The contaminants turn the water into toxic, which becomes unhealthy for the â¦ To prevent the effects of water pollution, the following measures should be taken. 1. Aquatic life is even more threatened when the waters are polluted. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-6070398767421094"; According to a survey in most of the rivers, the amount of oxygen in a litre of water has decreased to 0.1 cubic centimetre only, while this average in 1940 was around 2.5 cubic centimetres. The planet keeps nudging us with increasingly extreme droughts, reminding us that water is life. Bacteria feed on this algae and this decreases the amount of oxygen in the water body, severely affecting the aquatic life there. Increasing pollution in the sea and oceanic areas has become a threat. Pollution of sea water damages the oceanic life. Eventually, humans are affected by this process too. It causes typhoid, cholera, hepatitis and various other diseases are caused by water pollution. The factors causing most harm to human health through contaminated water are pathogenic microbes. Impacts of water pollution on human health Water pollution is a significant environmental issue. Although it is rare to see an ocean or a sea like the Pacific â¦ Water makes 71% of the surface of Earth and more than 60% of human body. The same is true of Yamuna, Gomati, Chambal as well as Jhelum rivers. Water pollution can be classified as surface water or groundwater pollution. Contamination of the groundwater from the use of pesticides causes reproductive damage within wildlife and domesticated animals within the ecosystem. Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (e.g. Here this article deals with some 10 health effects of water pollution and water pollutants. Many water bodies near urban areas (cities and towns) are highly polluted. The situation in underdeveloped countries is even worse where over 80 per cent of the patients are suffering from the diseases born out of polluted water. It has also been observed that some industry associations also drain radio-active substances into the water sources which destroy organisms and plants instantly and are extremely harmful. Due to water pollution, the river Ganga which is regarded by Indians as a sacred river in which they take a holy dip to purify themselves has also become highly polluted. Excessive use of soap, soda, bleaching powder, detergent or acids at home and chemicals in the industries are primarily responsible for water pollution. 1. Nutrients and their Effect on Water. Most water sources close to cities and urban centres are polluted by garbage and dumping of chemicals, legally or illegally. With all of the causes of water pollution, of course come the effects on the environment and human health. It is often â¦ In simple terms, water pollution is the contamination of water bodies like lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers, groundwater, or the sea. Contaminated water is not only unsuitable for drinking but also for agriculture purposes. Eutrophication is another harmful effect of Water pollution. Pollution of water affects both humans and aquatic life. Help us write another book on this subject and reach those readers. Apart from diarrhoea, and breathing problems, drinking polluted water causes skin diseases. The main problem caused by water pollution is that it kills organisms that depend on these water bodies. Currently, he lends his professional expertise to several publications and websites in content planning, commissioning, writing, and editing. Hepatitis, cholera, dysentery and typhoid are the common waterborne diseases, which affect the majority of tropical area. Destruction of Ecosystems: Ecosystems are extremely dynamic and respond to even small changes in the environment. Also, animals fall prey to a variety of diseases due to drinking polluted water. Letâs take a look at some of the most pronounced ill effects of water pollution on animals. In the polluted water of the rivers, some aquatic weed as aquatic ferns and water hyacinth start increasing. As the population increases, the pollution â¦ Dead fish, crabs, birds and seagulls, dolphins, and many other animals often wind up on beaches, killed by pollutants in their habitat (living environment). Aquatic plants get severely affected due to water pollution. These are toxic to marine life such as fish â¦ Effects of water pollution 1. 1. Water pollution is one of the inevitable human-induced climate change issues that called for urgent remedial measures. window._taboola = window._taboola || ; Similarly, the sewage water getting mixed into the water of the rivers, helps in the increase of fungus, algae, bacteria, etc which start to erupt faster. In children, the excess of nitrate leads to the disease. Children often get sick if they drink polluted water and sometimes they even die due to intensity of the diseases. Typhoid or the enteric fever is one of the most fatal diseases caused due to contaminated water. In many poor regions, there is frequently an outbreak of cholera and diseases as a result of poor drinking water treatment from contaminated waters. Bilharzia is a synonym for snail fever. Water pollution is dangerous for all life forms in this universe. Adverse Impact on Aquatic Flora and Fauna. Pollution of water affects both humans and aquatic life. Today, water pollution has assumed alarming proportions. Water becomes dangerous to drink: Humans have less safe drinking water. If one uses this water, one can fall a victim to terrible diseases like cancer. Disruption of food-chains. Water bodies in the vicinity of urban areas are extremely polluted. //-->. As per an estimate, 13 children die per hour in India, due to diarrhoea caused by contaminated water. Valuable species of game fish (e.g., trout) cannot survive in â¦ Here are some of the effects of water pollution facts, that it is having on our environment. In countries that have poor screening and purification practices, people often get water-borne disease outbreaks such as cholera and tuberculosis. Where there is a will there is a way essay, How can students help save the environment, Waste Management: Meaning, Types/Methods, Importance, Benefits, and Solutions, Organic Farming - What is Organic Farming, Types, Methods, Importance, Advantages and Disadvantages of Organic Farming, Plastic Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solutions, Prevention and Solutions of Soil Pollution, Environmental Problems That Our World is Facing Today, Waste Disposal: Meaning, Facts, Information, Types/Methods, Importance and Solutions. He was also a senior editor with Exchange4media group’s real estate magazine 'Realty Plus', and prior to that Consulting Editor with 'Geopolitics', a magazine on defence and strategic affairs. Thermal pollution. Itâs because they have direct contact with the pollutants. Degradation and Total Loss of Habitat. It makes fish and plants deficient in their ability to regenerate and reproduce. Pollutants such as lead and cadmium are eaten by tiny animals. Polluted water is like poison for human beings. Heavy metals from industrial processes can accumulate in nearby lakes and rivers. A healthy growing ecosystem relies on a complex web of animals, plants, bacteria, and cookies, all of which interact directly or indirectly with each other. Fish and other aquatic organisms start dying due to lack of oxygen in the polluted water. Though a major portion of the Earthâs surface as well as our body consist of water, yet we continue to pollute the different sources of water. Here are some adverse effects of water pollution. Here are some of the effects of water pollution facts, that it is having on our environment. This is due to the additional energy costs and chemicals to filter and clean the water. To protect human beings, plants and other life forms, it is urgent to find out the solution of water pollution and collective efforts by individuals, society and the government are required to achieve this aim. Copyright Â© 2008â2020 eSchoolToday in association with BusinessGhana.com. It is due to water pollution, the drinking water becomes smelly and distasteful. Polluted water leads to the worst effect on human health. Based on these, diseases generated by contaminated water are divided into the following main categories: By virus – Jaundice (Yellow Fever), polio, gastroenteritis, common cold, infectious liver Sod, and smallpox. Thatâs equivalent to a jumbo jet crashing every hour, and the majority of these are children. Here are some adverse effects of water pollution. Hydrocarbons in the oil spread on the surface of the oceans due to which marine and aquatic organisms do not get the oxygen and they die consequently. In many poor regions, there is frequently an outbreak of cholera and diseases as a result of poor drinking water treatment from contaminated waters. Drinking contaminated water caused by sewage overflow may cause sickness and digestive problems in humans. Effects of water pollution. Excess quantities of iron, manganese, calcium, barium, chromium, copper, cilium, boron, and other salts such as nitrate, sulphate, borate, carbonate, etc in water have adverse effects on human health. This is the result of dumping garbage and toxic chemicals by industrial and commercial establishments. Letâs start with eutrophication. Things have become so alarming that many aquatic species are on the brink of extinction. WATER POLLUTION Water pollution: how to protect our source of life. Eventually, humans are affected by this process too. Make sure you read the factsheet page for some unfortunate incidents of water pollution in recent times. Leptospirosis disease – In addition to organisms that cause disease in our body, various types of toxic substances harm our health reaching our body through water. Did you read about the water contamination in Flint, Michigan, USA? If the polluted water gets stagnated, it becomes a breeding ground for mosquito and many other parasites which are very common in tropical areas. Due to plethora of moss in the polluted water of the rivers, the sun light fails to reach to the depths of the river which affects the growth of aquatic plants in the lack of photosynthesis. Water pollution prevention. 2. Effect of High Dissolved Solids (TDS) in Water Quality: Water is the best solvent and can dissolve â¦ This causes change in the temperature of the water and it harms the life forms and affects the balance between various organismâ¦ Large amounts of chloride in drinking water deform the spine which becomes snaky and their teeth go yellow, start falling and moreover their hands and feet lose flexibility of the bones and their body deforms. Moreover, if water becomes a scarce resource, people are likely to fight for their share and this may even lead to serious conflicts. "Water pollution" is defined as the addition of harmful or objectionable material to water bodies causing an alteration of water quality. has been detrimental to the water bodies. Polluted water that ends up in local streams and rivers will damage the life in and surrounding it. /* India Celebrating_300*250_New */ Sewage and waste from towns, cities, factories, etc., are also dumped into rivers and lakes. Some people believe pollution is an inescapable result of humanactivity: they argue that if we want to have factories, cities, Fish can also be killed when excessive algae get caught in their gills. google_ad_height = 250; Water Pollution is having adverse effects on human life. Such species are recognized asâ¦ Radioactive substances produced from nuclear explosions also reach the water bodies and makes drinking water severely contaminated. What is water pollution? The rigorous growth in population, technology, industry etc. Eutrophication: Chemicals in a water body, encourage the growth of algae. It is also responsible for destroying the beauty of the lakes and rivers. Water Pollution Water pollution occurs when there is an accumulation of substances in water that would then cause issues for humans and animals. In some parts of the world, some species are already on the verge of extinction due to water pollution. 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